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Al-Hadi

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Al-Hadi

He is The One Who guides and directs His servants towards all that will be of benefit to them and away from all that will bring them harm. He is The One Who teaches them what they did not previously know and guides them with a guidance that keeps them firm upon the Straight Path. He is The One Who inspires their hearts with piety (being conscious of Allah) and makes them penitent and compliant to His commands. (1)

قال الله تعالى: {وَلِيَعْلَمَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْعِلْمَ أَنَّهُ الْحَقُّ مِنْ رَبِّكَ فَيُؤْمِنُوا بِهِ فَتُخْبِتَ لَهُ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَإِنَّ اللهَ لَهَادِ الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا إِلَى صِرَاطٍ مُسْتَقِيمٍ} الحج 54

And that those who have been given knowledge may know that it (this Quran) is the truth from your Lord, and that they may believe therein, and their hearts may submit to it with humility. And verily, Allah is the Guide of those who believe, to a Straight Path.

Surah Al-Hajj [22: 54]

Allah is The All-Guiding, and His guiding us is related to His mercy, knowledge and wisdom. First, Allah guides us to Him: to know Him, to believe and affirm that He is our Lord, our Creator. He guides our hearts to believe in Him and in His Oneness and, because He is our Lord, He shows us the way to attain His pleasure and His love, the way to earn His reward and enter His Paradise. He guides us in a very detailed manner.

Allah’s perfect wisdom and mercy makes it impossible that He would leave us without guidance and knowledge. Truly, Allah does not abandon us to ourselves, not knowing our goal or our path. No! Rather, He sent us Messengers with detailed guidance. So we say “alhamdu lillah” [all praise belongs to Allah] that Allah is The All-Guiding. Allah, The Most High, says,

قال الله تعالى: {وَقَالَ الرَّسُولُ يَا رَبِّ إِنَّ قَوْمِي اتَّخَذُوا هَٰذَا الْقُرْآنَ مَهْجُورًا ، وَكَذَٰلِكَ جَعَلْنَا لِكُلِّ نَبِيٍّ عَدُوًّا مِّنَ الْمُجْرِمِينَ ۗ وَكَفَىٰ بِرَبِّكَ هَادِيًا وَنَصِيرًا} الفرقان 30-31

And the Messenger (Muhammad ) will say: “O my Lord! Verily, my people deserted this Quran (neither listened to it, nor acted on its laws and orders). Thus have We made for every Prophet an enemy among the Mujrimun (disbelievers, polytheists, criminals, etc.) But Sufficient is your Lord as a Guide and Helper.

Surah Al-Furqan [25: 30-31]

There are two types of Guidance:

  1. General guidance (Hidayah ammah):

This guidance is for the entire creation. Allah created all creation and He guides every single creature to its welfare and provision. He has created every creature in a manner which enables each one of them to manage in its environment. Allah guides us to that which is beneficial to us with regards to food, health, social relationships and other than these things for every aspect of our existence; this includes rulings prohibiting what is harmful.
This guidance includes all types of creatures and it is not limited to humans. For example, Allah guides the animals in the wild to be able to differentiate between harmful vegetation and good grass in the wild. Allah guides the birds to know their way while flying thousands of kilometers when they migrate. Allah guides the ants to store their food for winter time. Moreover, ponder on how the groups of certain animals appoint a leader and follow that leader, knowing the importance of being united in one pack in order to avoid being attacked, glorified is Allah.

Allah guides each and every creature to what will benefit it, as well as guiding it away from what which will harm it. The amazing thing is that the lives of animals, birds, fish and insects has been studied in great depth by the disbelievers. They have written books, made videos, and more; yet they fail to acknowledge and accept the existence of the Creator!

Allah is The All-Guiding, He did not create His creatures to leave them without guidance. Allah, the Most High, says concerning this,

قال الله تعالى:{الَّذِي خَلَقَ فَسَوَّى وَالَّذِي قَدَّرَ فَهَدَى} الأعلى 2-3

Who has created (everything), and then proportioned it; And Who has measured (pre ordainments for each and everything even to be blessed or wretched); then guided (i.e. showed mankind the right as well as wrong paths, and guided the animals to pasture).

Surah Al-Aʻla [87: 2-3]

So our ability to contemplate and reflect upon Allah’s guidance of His creation, with His perfection and wisdom, is a clear sign of Allah’s divinity. Allah gave human beings a brain with which to think, comprehend and to draw conclusions. Even though we do not see Allah, we can surely see the acts of Allah in His creation. This entire universe, with the astonishing variety of creatures it contains, is a sign of the existence of a Creator: Allah, the Creator, The All-Guiding. This is one of the things that distinguishes us from animals: our ability to comprehend something from its apparent and clear signs.

2. Guidance of knowledge and revelation (Hidayah Al-Irshad) :

There is a general guidance which Allah has given to everyone, meaning that Allah has established and clarified the truth upon everyone. Allah says concerning this,

قال الله تعالى: {وَأَمَّا ثَمُودُ فَهَدَيْنَاهُمْ فَاسْتَحَبُّوا الْعَمَىٰ عَلَى الْهُدَىٰ فَأَخَذَتْهُمْ صَاعِقَةُ الْعَذَابِ الْهُونِ بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْسِبُونَ } فصلت 17

And as for Thamud, We showed and made clear to them the Path of Truth (Islamic Monotheism) through Our Messenger, (i.e. showed them the way of success), but they preferred blindness to guidance, so the Sa’iqah (a destructive awful cry, torment, hit, a thunderbolt) of disgracing torment seized them, because of what they used to earn. (2)

Surah Fussilat [41: 17]

Allah will not punish anyone unless He has first sent to them a Messenger conveying the truth and guiding them to that which is correct. He will not punish them until He has sent to them someone who conveys the truth to them in a very clear, vivid and comprehensive manner that they can understand.

قال الله تعالى: { أَنْ تَقُولَ نَفْسٌ يَا حَسْرَتَا عَلَى مَا فَرَّطْتُ فِي جَنْبِ اللَّهِ وَإِنْ كُنْتُ لَمِنَ السَّاخِرِينَ أَوْ تَقُولَ لَوْ أَنَّ اللهَ هَدَانِى لَكُنتُ مِنَ الْـمُتَّقِينَ، أَوْ تَقُولَ حِينَ تَرَى الْعَذَابَ لَوْ أَنَّ لِى كَرَّةً فَأَكُونَ مِنَ الُْمحْسِنِين، بَلَى قَدْ جَآءَتْكَ ءَايَـتِى فَكَذَّبْتَ بِهَا وَاسْتَكْبَرْتَ وَ كُنْتَ مِنَ الْكَـفِرِين} الزمر -59-56

Lest a person should say: “Alas, my grief that I was undutiful to Allah (i.e. I have not done what Allah has ordered me to do), and I was indeed among those who mocked [at the truth! i.e. La ilaha ill-Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah), the Quran, and Muhammad, peace be upon him, and at the faithful believers, etc.]
Or (lest) he should say: “If only Allah had guided me, I should indeed have been among the Muttaqun (pious and righteous persons – see V.2:2).”
Or (lest) he should say when he sees the torment: “If only I had another chance (to return to the world) then I should indeed be among the Muhsinun (good-doers – see V.2:112).”
Yes! Verily, there came to you My Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and you denied them, and were proud and were among the disbelievers.

Surah Az-Zumar [39:56-59]

Allah has revealed the Books and sent us Messengers, providing us with proofs of His existence and of the fact that He alone deserves to be worshipped. Allah has set rulings for us by which we must abide; rulings which clearly show us what is allowed and what is forbidden. Allah’s rulings and legislation are another vivid proof and sign of Allah’s divinity. Reflect on the fact that Allah prohibited alcohol over a thousand years ago, and yet now you see that governments are beginning to strictly regulate alcohol after “discovering” its dangerous harm for society! Furthermore, Allah also forbade gambling, which is an obvious cause of destruction for many homes, even driving some people to suicide! Allah has guided us through His complete, perfect and just legislation, in order to protect our mind, health, religion, money and soul, in every single aspect of our life.

3. Guidance to success (Hidayah at-Tawfiq):

This is a special kind of guidance wherein Allah guides His slaves to act upon the righteous path. He guides their hearts to accept the truth revealed by Him; He guides their hearts to believe in Him, understand about Him and to surrender to Him with love, to glorifying Him and hope in Him. This guidance is not for just anyone, it is solely for those who deserve it. Allah is the Wise, and His wisdom negates that He may guide an arrogant, cruel heart. Allah will guide only those who are willing to acknowledge and truly know the truth and allow their hearts to submit to the truth by choosing to be a sincere slave of Allah. Any heart in which Allah sees a sincere search for the truth and readiness to accept, then this heart is deserving of His guidance.

قال الله تعالى: { وَمَا كَانَ اللهُ لِيُضِلَّ قَوْمًا بَعْدَ إِذْ هَدَاهُمْ حَتَّى يُبَيِّنَ لَهُمْ مَا يَتَّقُونَ إِنَّ اللهَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ } التوبة 115

And Allah will never lead a people astray after He has guided them until He makes clear to them as to what they should avoid. Verily, Allah is The All-Knower of everything.

Surah At-Tawbah [9: 115]

Similarly, Allah’s justice negates that He would let anyone go astray unless this person came to know the truth and then deliberately refused it and turned away from it. Accordingly, it is not likely that one who deviates from the straight path had not been shown the truth. No! Rather, it is he who deserves to be astray due to his rejection of this truth. Once you understand this, then you must be certain that you never refuse the truth concerning any issue when it has been made apparent to you, and you should not feel pity for those people who refuse to follow the truth, as indeed they have refused to follow the correct path and have chosen to follow the wrong one.

We have an excellent example in one of the Companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him), Salman al-Farisi, may Allah be pleased with him. He was born in Persia. His father was the chief of his town and they worshipped fire, yet Salman, in this far land and in this pagan environment, passed by a church and saw the praying of the Christians. When he saw this, he felt that their religion was better than his and he asked to learn more about it. He kept moving from one country to another, searching for the truth, and eventually was told that a prophet would soon be sent. Allah arranged that he travel to Madinah where he met the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him and he became an honorable Companion. Now, Who guided Salman Al-Farisi to Islam and brought him, from this distant land where they worshipped fire, to the land of Islam? Allah did. And this is an example of His special guidance: a guidance to success.

Imam Ibn Al-Qayyim said,

This special guidance has certain steps that must be followed, and one must constantly and consistently ask Allah’s aid to be guided through each step:

1- Guidance of true knowledge about Him and about His legislation-
2- Guidance to accept this knowledge.
3- Determination to act upon this knowledge.
4- Ability and power to act upon this knowledge.
5- Remaining steadfast upon it till one dies. (3)

This is what we need to realize and to ask Allah when we say in our prayers:

قال الله تعالى: {إهدنا الصراط المستقيم } الفاتحة 6

Guide us to the Straight Way.

Surah Al-Fatihah [1: 6]

Finally, from the very special guidance of Allah is His guidance of a person through his or her own heart. Your heart will be an indication or sign of whether or not you are on the right path. How? An example would be performing a certain act thinking that this act pleases Allah; for instance, deserting your mother because she is sinful. In your mind, you believe this is for Allah’s sake, yet you feel a tightness in your heart that tells you otherwise. This tightness is special guidance from Allah which tells you that something is wrong with this act you are engaging in. At this point, you need to stop and ask Allah to guide you to do the correct thing. Never ignore this feeling in your heart. Look more deeply into the situation and hasten to correct yourself.

Whomsoever Allah guides to the truth in this life, He will then guide him to answer the questions in the grave correctly. The more one adheres to and is firm upon the righteous path in this world, the quicker he will be able to pass the Bridge (the bridge, fine as a razor’s edge, over which all who enter paradise must pass). The more one searches for the truth, the more light he will be give on the Day of Reckoning, to be able to find his way in the darkness of the Bridge.

There is no way to keep on the right path except by adhering firmly to the way of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him. There is no way to reach Allah and Paradise except through his way. Allah did not send him only to the Arabs; rather, He sent him to all of mankind, for the entire creation.You will never be guided without understanding the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad, upon the understanding of the Salaf, who are the righteous people of the Prophet’s generation and their offspring up to and including the third generation. Indeed, these generations preserved the Sunnah (the way of the Prophet peace be upon him) and conveyed it to us.

Prophet Muhammad was a human Messenger, and it is from Allah’s mercy that we are commanded to follow a Messenger who shares with us the same human attributes and feelings that we ourselves have. The Prophet, peace be upon him, put the verses of Quran into practice in every way. He showed us how Islam is to be implemented practically in our everyday lives. He acted according to what pleased Allah in every way. He clarified all matters by which, if we truly follow his guidance concerning them, we will certainly win in both lives: in this life and in the Hereafter.

The more you understand, comprehend, and acknowledge those things in which you truly need Allah’s guidance, the more sincerely you will then be able to supplicate to Him. The truth is, we need Allah’s special guidance in every aspect of our lives, including decision making, using wisdom in all that we do and say, standing firm when faced with tests and trials and other than these. And if Allah does not guide you, you will most definitely go astray.


Above is a transcription of a class given by teacher Zaynab El-Kateb based on the book Fiqh Al-Asmaa Al-Husnaa by Shaikh Abdur-Razzaaq Al-Badr.

1- Explanation of Allah’s names, by Imam Nasir As-Sa’di
2- Explanation of Haiya Abu Dawood – Sheikh Saleh Al-Fawzan
3- Madarij As-Salikin, by Imam Ibn Al Qayyim

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