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Name of Allah: Al-Haseeb – Al-Kafee | Religion of Islam

Name of Allah: Al-Haseeb – Al-Kafee

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الحسيب – الكافي

Al-Haseeb – Al-Kafee

Al-Haseeb (The Reckoner):

The One Who is All Knowing of His servants and Sufficient for those who put their trust in Him. The One Who recompenses His servants with either good or bad in accordance with His wisdom and His knowledge, for the minutest and greatest of their actions.

قال الله تعالى: وَمَنْ يَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى االله فَهُوَ حَسْبُهُ إِنَّ االلهَ بَالِغُ أَمْرِهِ قَدْ جَعَلَ االله لِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدْرًا 

And whosoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him. Verily, Allah will accomplish his purpose. Indeed Allah has set a measure for all things.

Surah At-Talaq [65: 3]

Al-Haseeb has two meanings. The first is the meaning of sufficing His slaves.

Allah suffices and provides for all His slaves with regards to everything that concerns them; for both their religious and worldly matters. He facilitates for them all the means they need and drives back away things they hate.

قال الله تعالى: يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ حَسْبُكَ اللهُ وَمَنِ اتَّبَعَكَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ 

O Prophet (Muhammad)! Allah is sufficient for you and for the believers who follow you.

Surah Al-Anfal [8:64]

Secondly, the meaning of preserving, meaning, He keeps records of all actions and He will recompense them. Allah will bring His slaves to account for their deeds and will recompense them according to His wisdom and knowledge, for the smallest and greatest of their actions. Allah keeps detailed records of all the deeds of His slaves, while the slaves themselves forget what they have done. He distinguishes between the good and sincere acts and the evil acts and He will bring them to account according to what they deserve from reward or punishment, down to the minutest detail. (1)

قال الله تعالى: وَإِذَا حُيِّيتُمْ بِتَحِيَّةٍ فَحَيُّوا بِأَحْسَنَ مِنْهَا أَوْ رُدُّوهَا إِنَّ الله كَانَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ حَسِيبًا 

When you are greeted with a greeting, greet in return with what is better than it, or (at least) return it equally. Certainly, Allah is Ever a Careful Account Taker of all things.

Surah An-Nisa [4: 86]

So, take note dear reader, Allah will hold you to account for even returning a greeting!

Now, after you understand the meaning of Allah Al-Haseeb (The Reckoner) and you know that Allah will hold you to account for everything (every thought, every word, every movement and action), this understanding should then have an effect upon you.

We need to bring ourselves to account now, before we are brought to account by Allah on the Day of Judgement. We should start with the obligations; are we fulfilling that which Allah has made obligatory upon us? Do we desire and strive to learn about Allah and the religion and apply what we have learnt regarding the correction of our creed (faith), our prayers, being honest, guarding our tongues from backbiting and all that Allah has made obligatory upon us? Ask yourself; do you properly glorify Allah’s orders or do you take His orders lightly?

قال الله تعالى: يأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللهَ وَلْتَنظُرْ نَفْسٌ مَّا قَدَّمَتْ لِغَدٍ وَاتَّقُوا اللهَ إِنَّ اللهَ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ 

O you who believe! Fear Allah and keep your duty to Him. And let every person look to what he has sent forth for the morrow, and fear Allah. Verily, Allah is All-Aware of what you do.

Surah Al-Hashr [59: 18]

You need to work on this now before you are taken from this world unexpectedly. You may arrive on the Day of Reckoning with major sins (such as backbiting and dishonesty) which you were totally unaware of. Start by recognizing any faults that you have and begin to correct them; start changing yourself. You need to act upon the righteous path Allah has showed you and guided you to.

قال الله تعالى: يَوْمَ يَبْعَثُهُمُ اللهُ جَمِيعًا فَيُنَبِّئُهُم بِمَا عَمِلُوا أَحْصَاهُ اللهُ وَنَسُوهُ وَاللهُ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ شَهِيدٌ 

On the Day when Allah will resurrect them all together (i.e. the Day of Resurrection) and inform them of what they did. Allah has kept account of it, while they have forgotten it. And Allah is Witness over all things.

Surah Al-Mujadilah [58: 6]

On the Day of Reckoning, we will hold a book in our hands. This book will contain every single thing that we have done and Allah will ask us to read our books. Allah will make us bear witness upon ourselves and if a person deserves to be punished in the Hellfire due to his sins, he will admit it.

قال الله تعالى: وَكُلَّ إِنْسَانٍ أَلْزَمْنَاهُ طَائِرَهُ فِي عُنُقِهِ وَنُخْرِجُ لَهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ كِتَابًا يَلْقَاهُ مَنْشُورًا، اقْرَأْ كِتَابَكَ كَفَى بِنَفْسِكَ الْيَوْمَ عَلَيْكَ حَسِيبًا 

And We have fastened every man’s deeds to his neck, and on the Day of Resurrection, We shall bring out for him a book which he will find wide open; (It will be said to him): “Read your book. You yourself are sufficient as a reckoner against you this Day.

Surah Al-Israa [17:13,14]

If you do not want to be from the losers on that Day then you must strive hard to rectify yourself now. The soul cares only about itself; it cares about its own selfish desires. It wants to be lazy and it loves flattery. If you allow your soul to do whatever it desires, you will go astray; you will be of the losers in the hereafter. So start taking yourself to account now, before Allah takes you to account, while there is still a chance to repent and follow the path to Paradise.

People tend to focus on the faults and shortcomings of others but remember that it is you who will be taken to account for your deeds (alone) so always focus on yourself first. Ask Allah to make you aware of your faults and sins and start reforming yourself and then, try to guide others.

On the other hand, knowing that Allah is Al-Haseeb should give you contentment when you do any good deed, especially if you are doing a favor to others. There are times you may perform great favors to others and they, in turn, do not notice. You will no longer care about their unappreciative response as it will be enough for you to know that Allah is Al-Haseeb Who will reward you immensely for any good deed that you do sincerely for His sake. Say to yourself, “I do not want my reward from the people, I want it only from Allah”.

قال الله تعالى: وَيُطْعِمُونَ الطَّعَامَ عَلَى حُبِّهِ مِسْكِينًا وَيَتِيمًا وَأَسِيرًا ، إِنَّمَا نُطْعِمُكُمْ لِوَجْهِ الله لَا نُرِيدُ مِنْكُمْ جَزَاءً وَلَا شُكُورًا ، إِنَّا نَخَافُ مِنْ رَبِّنَا يَوْمًا عَبُوسًا قَمْطَرِيرًا ، فَوَقَاهُمُ الله شَرَّ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ وَلَقَّاهُمْ نَضْرَةً وَسُرُورًا ، وَجَزَاهُمْ بِمَا صَبَرُوا جَنَّةً وَحَرِيرًا

And they give food, inspite of their love for it (or for the love of Him), to miskin (the needy), the orphan, and the captive; (saying): “We feed you seeking Allah’s countenance only. We wish for no reward, nor thanks from you.  “Verily, We fear from our Lord a Day, hard and distressful, that will make the faces look horrible (from extreme dislikeness to it).”  So Allah saved them from the evil of that Day, and gave them Nadratan (a light of beauty) and joy; And their recompense shall be Paradise, and silken garments, because they were patient.

Surah Al-Insaan [76: 8-12]

Al-Kafee (The One Who Suffices):

The One Who suffices His servants in everything that they are in need of. He suffices in a specific sense, those who believe in Him, put their trust in Him and seek their worldly and religious needs from Him. (2)

قال الله تعالى: أَلَيْسَ اللهُ بِكَافٍ عَبْدَهُ وَيُخَوِّفُونَكَ بِالَّذِينَ مِنْ دُونِهِ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلِ الله فَمَا لَهُ مِنْ هَادٍ 

Is not Allah Sufficient for His slave? Yet they try to frighten you with those (whom they worship) besides Him! And whom Allah sends astray, for him there will be no guide.

Surah Az-Zumar [39: 36]

In this verse Allah mentions His unique act of sufficing His true believers, those who are His sincere worshippers. This also varies between worshippers. The more sincere you are in worshipping Allah and the more trust and reliance you place in Him; the more Allah will suffice you.

:عن عبد الله بن عباس رضي الله عنهما قال

حَسْبُنَا اللهُ وَنِعْمَ الوَكِيلُ: قَالَهَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ حِينَ أُلْقِي فِي النَّارِ ، وَقَالَهَا مُحَمَّدٌ صلى الله عليه وسلم حِينَ قَالُوا:  إِنَّ النَّاسَ قَدْ جَمَعُوا لَكُمْ فَاخْشَوْهُمْ فَزَادَهُمْ إِيمَاناً وَقَالُوا حَسْبُنَا الله وَنِعْمَ الْوَكِيلُ 

Abdullah Ibn Abbas said,

“Allah is Sufficient for us and He Is The Best Disposer of affairs” was (a statement) said by (Prophet) Ibrahim, peace be upon him, when he was thrown into the fire; and it was said by  (Prophet) Muhammad, peace be upon him, when the people (the hypocrites) said, “Verily, the people (the pagans) have gathered against you (a great army), therefore, fear them. But it (only) increased them in faith and they said: “Allah (Alone) is Sufficient for us, and He is The Best Disposer of affairs”.” (3)

Allah answered His Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him) and He said,

قال الله تعالى: قُلۡنَا يَـٰنَارُ كُونِى بَرۡدً۬ا وَسَلَـٰمًا عَلَىٰٓ إِبۡرَٲهِيمَ

O fire! Be you coolness and safety for Ibrahim.

 Surah Al-Anbiyaa [21:69]

قال الله تعالى: ٱلَّذِينَ قَالَ لَهُمُ ٱلنَّاسُ إِنَّ ٱلنَّاسَ قَدۡ جَمَعُواْ لَكُمۡ فَٱخۡشَوۡهُمۡ فَزَادَهُمۡ إِيمَـٰنً۬ا وَقَالُواْ حَسۡبُنَا ٱللَّهُ وَنِعۡمَ ٱلۡوَڪِيلُ فَٱنقَلَبُواْ بِنِعۡمَةٍ۬ مِّنَ ٱللَّهِ وَفَضۡلٍ۬ لَّمۡ يَمۡسَسۡہُمۡ سُوٓءٌ۬ وَٱتَّبَعُواْ رِضۡوَٲنَ ٱللَّهِ‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ ذُو فَضۡلٍ عَظِيمٍ

Those (i.e. believers) unto whom the people (hypocrites) said, “Verily, the people (pagans) have gathered against you (a great army), therefore, fear them.” But it (only) increased them in Faith, and they said: “Allâh (Alone) is Sufficient for us, and He is the Best Disposer of affairs (for us).[]” (173) So they returned with Grace and Bounty from Allâh. No harm touched them; and they followed the good Pleasure of Allâh. And Allâh is the Owner of Great Bounty.

[Surah Al-Imraan: 173,174]

Whenever we are faced by any danger or harm or threat we need to remember this great supplication and we say as the Prophets said: “Allah alone is sufficient for me, and He is the best disposer of affairs”. (“Hasbiya Allahu wa ni’ma Al-Wakeel”).

Your heart needs to know this great supplication in order to feel the comfort of security and tranquility based on the certainty that Allah will suffice you. He will suffice you from any danger or harm and He will suffice your heart from worry and fear. Even if you were to face a hardship or a calamity, you will go through it steadfast, strengthened by your reliance on Allah and your trust in His sufficiency, saying to yourself, “I have Allah, so why worry?”.

On the other hand, the person who is deprived of Allah’s sufficiency lives in hardship even before any harm faces him. A hardship of constantly worrying and being afraid of any evil or disaster which might come his way.

How can someone live in this world without feeling this sufficiency with Allah? How can he feel secure and content if he is deprived of this? It is very difficult to live without this. That is why the disbelievers live a painful, hectic life full of worries and anxiety. They worry about everything; about their security, provision, health and some may even end their lives by committing suicide as they are not able to go through of all this alone.
As for the believers, the Muslims, they live a good life, free from worry and fear; knowing that Allah will suffice them in all their worldly affairs. Glorified is Allah.

The believer, even during hardship, is content and relaxed, knowing that the whole Universe is under Allah’s control. This feeling of confidence and strength comes from a correct understanding about Allah’s names and attributes. You take your strength from Allah, The Almighty, The All Powerful, The Conqueror, so why worry if you have Allah to suffice you?

We need to take steps to be eligible for this sufficiency and Allah has told us who deserves His sufficiency. First, we have this verse:

قال الله تعالى: أليس الله بكاف عبده 

Is not Allah Sufficient for His slave?

Surah Az-Zumar [39: 36]

If you are a true slave of Allah, Allah will be enough/sufficient for you.

A true slave believes that none is worthy of worship except Allah and a true slave obeys Allah’s commands with love and submission, humbling himself to his Lord. So if you are a true slave of Allah, you deserve Allah sufficing you. The more you strive to be a better slave to Allah and  the more you rely on Allah, Allah will surely suffice you in each and every detail of your life.

Secondly, we have this verse:

قال الله تعالى: وَمَنْ يَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى االله فَهُوَ حَسْبُهُ إِنَّ االلهَ بَالِغُ أَمْرِهِ قَدْ جَعَلَ االله لِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدْرًا  

And whosoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him. Verily, Allah will accomplish his purpose. Indeed Allah has set a measure for all things.

Surah At-Talaq [65: 3]

If you want Allah to be sufficient for you, put your reliance and hopes only in Him. The more your heart hopes in Allah alone, not looking for any human or worldly means, the more you will find Allah will suffice you. Whatever you may need in life, whether that be health, provision, protection, security, happiness, friends and company, Allah will suffice you in each and every single thing you need.

You might be a Muslim person living among non believers or  you may have been a person who lost your family and friends and maybe even your job because you converted to Islam; even if this is the case, never ever say, “I have no one.”. This is not true. You have Allah and be assured that Allah will suffice you.

Ibn Al-Qayyim said,

“When Allah mentioned His sufficiency for those who rely in Him, this might result in anticipating an immediate response, so Allah followed the verse by saying that He has set a measure for all things. Meaning: Allah has set a time for everything which will not be exceeded, Allah will make it happen according to that pre-set timing. Accordingly, the person who relied on Allah should not be hasty and say: “I relied on Allah and nothing happened, and I was not sufficed” because what Allah wills will happen at the time Allah set.” (4)

Unfortunately, it happens that some people abandon this great meaning of reliance in Allah alone and they turn to people, begging and humiliating themselves to them, not caring how much this would impact their religion. They give in by accepting haraam and not caring how this will affect their religion and will decrease their faith. They lose the contentment of their Lord and they will lose the sufficiency which Allah promised to His true believers. (5)

قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم: إذا خرج الرجل من بيته فقال : بسم الله توكلت على الله ولا حول و لا قوة إلا بالله ، قال: يقال حينئذ: هديت و كفيت و وقيت ، فيتنحى عنه الشيطان ، فيقول شيطان آخر: كيف لك برجل قد هدي و كفي و وقي.

The Prophet, peace be upon him, taught us a beautiful supplication to say whenever we go out of our home. If you say: “In the name of Allah, I put my reliance and trust in Allah, and there is no power and no strength except by Allah.”  Allah will protect you and guide you and the devils will have no hope of seducing nor misleading you. Instead they will move away from your path, a devil saying to another: “How can you mislead a man who is guided, sufficed and protected by Allah!”(6)

Ibn Al-Qayyim said,

“True reliance in Allah is the strongest means to repel what you cannot tolerate from the harms of the people and the harm of their injustice and enmity. If you rely on Allah, He will suffice you and if Allah suffices you then no enemy can get to you, except from a harm which everyone has to face (similar to the harm of hunger for instance, or thirst, or hot weather, i.e. a harm which does not affect your heart or faith). It will never happen that your enemy can harm you as he aims and your enemy only aims to harm your faith. Thus, there is a difference between a superficial harm (which does not affect the heart) and the harm which makes your enemy feel victorious over you. Although it appears that your enemy is trying to harm your faith, in reality your enemy is in fact doing you a favor by giving you the chance to be rewarded and loved by Allah and is therefore as a consequence only harming himself.

If you have a strong reliance in Allah and the entire creation is plotting against you, Allah will give you a way out and will protect you, suffice you and will give you victory.”(7)

قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم:  من جعل الهموم هما واحدا هم المعاد كفاه الله هم دنياه، و من تشعبت به الهموم في أحوال الدنيا لم يبال الله في أي أوديته هلك  

Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, said,

Whoever focuses all his concerns on one thing, the Hereafter, Allah will relieve him of all worldly concerns; but whoever has diverse concerns scattered among a number of worldly issues, Allah will not care in which of its valleys he will perish. (8)

Meaning, if you keep yourself busy trying to please Allah, Allah will suffice you in every way and every means. Your aim in this world is not to gain money nor reach high ranks or whatever; your aim should be how to please Allah and to be a winner on the Day of Resurrection. If this is your aim, then Allah will suffice you in a way by which you will never need to worry about any worldly concerns; the money will come, the provision will come and Allah will suffice you.

On the other hand, If your concerns are focused on worldly matters, thinking only about your wealth, your ambition, and other worldly affairs, then Allah will not care in which valley of these affairs you will be taken and which will finally destroy you.

No one can ever live a good life without knowing Allah is sufficient for them, enjoying this feeling of security and tranquillity knowing that Allah will suffice you.

Above is a transcription of a class given by teacher Zaynab El-Kateb based on the book Fiqh Al-Asmaa Al-Husnaa by Shaikh Abdur-Razzaaq Al-Badr.

1- Explanation of Allah’s names by Imam Nassir As-Saadi

2- Explanation of Allah’s names by Imam Nassir As-Saadi

3- Narrated by Al-Bukhari

4- A’lam Al-Muwaqa’een – Imam Ibn Al-Qayyim

5 – A’lam Al-Muwaqa’een – Imam Ibn Al-Qayyim  

6- Narrated by Abu Dawood, An-Nasai and corrected by Al-Albani

7- Badaa’ Al-Fawaid – Imam Ibn Al-Qayyim

8- Narrated by Ibn Majah


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