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المؤمن (Al-Mu’min)

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 المؤمن

Al-Mu’min

The name of Allah Al-Mu’min, The Affirming & Granter Of Security, has come in one verse in Surat- Al-Hashr, in which Allah, The Most High, says:

قال الله تعالى: {هُوَ اللَّهُ الَّذِي لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْمَلِكُ الْقُدُّوسُ السَّلَامُ الْمُؤْمِنُ الْمُهَيْمِنُ الْعَزِيزُ الْجَبَّارُ الْمُتَكَبِّرُ ۚ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ}

He is Allah beside Whom La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He) the King, the Holy, the One Free from all defects, the Giver of security, the Watcher over His creatures, The All-Mighty, The Compeller, The Supreme. Glory be to Allah! (High is He) above all that they associate as partners with Him.

Surah Al-Hashr [59: 23]

We are undoubtedly in need of understanding this name specifically due to the circumstances which we are currently living in, wherein the truthful one is deemed a liar and the liar is deemed to be truthful just as the Prophet, peace be upon him mentioned.

قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: “سيأتي على الناس سنوات خدّاعات، يُصَدق فيها الكاذب ويُكذَّب فيها الصادق، ويُؤتمن فيها الخائن ويُخوَّن فيها الأمين ، وَيَنْطِقُ فِيهَا الرُّوَيْبِضَةُ ” ، قِيلَ : وَمَا الرُّوَيْبِضَةُ يا رسول الله ؟ قَالَ : السَّفِيهُ يَتَكَلَّمُ فِي أَمْرِ الْعَامَّةِ  

There will be deceptive years, where the liar would be believed and the truthful will be accused of lying, and the untrustworthy would be trusted and the trustworthy will not be trusted, and the Ruwaybidhah would speak. The Sahabah said, who is the Ruwaybidhah? The Prophet, peace be upon him, said: The lowly, the insignificant will be talking in the affairs of the people. (1)

Allah’s name Al-Mu’min has two meanings:

  • First: The meaning related to Iman (belief) and affirmation. Allah affirms the truthfulness of His Messengers and His true believers.
  • Second: The meaning related to granting security to His believers.

Mujahid (one of the early Scholars) said:

The mu’min is he one who affirms and believes in His Oneness. Allah affirms it in the Quran by His saying:

قال الله تعالى: {شَهِدَ اللَّهُ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ وَالْمَلَائِكَةُ وَأُولُو الْعِلْمِ قَائِمًا بِالْقِسْطِ ۚ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ}

Allah bears witness that La ilaha illa Huwa (None has the right to be worshipped but He), and the  Angels, and those having knowledge (also bear witness); (He always) maintains His creation in justice. La ilaha illa Huwa, The All-Mighty, The All-Wise.  

Surah Al-Imran [3:18] (2)

In an authentic narration Allah’s Messenger, peace be upon him, said:

قال رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ، قَالَ : ” إِذَا قَالَ الْعَبْدُ : لا إِلَهَ إِلا اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ . قَالَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ : ” صَدَقَ عَبْدِي , لا إِلَهَ إِلا أَنَا وَأَنَا أَكْبَرُ ” . وَإِذَا قَالَ : لا إِلَهَ إِلا اللَّهُ لا شَرِيكَ لَهُ . قَالَ : ” صَدَقَ عَبْدِي , لا إِلَهَ إِلا أَنَا وَلا شَرِيكَ لِي ” . وَإِذَا قَالَ : لا إِلَهَ إِلا اللَّهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ . قَالَ : ” صَدَقَ عَبْدِي , لا إِلَهَ إِلا أَنَا لِيَ الْمُلْكُ وَلِيَ الْحَمْدُ ” . وَإِذَا قَالَ : لا إِلَهَ إِلا اللَّهُ لا حَوْلَ وَلا قُوَّةَ إِلا بِاللَّهِ . قَالَ : ” صَدَقَ عَبْدِي , لا إِلَهَ إِلا أَنَا وَلا حَوْلَ وَلا قُوَّةَ إِلا بِي ” . قَالَ أَبُو إِسْحَاقَ : قَالَ الأَغَرُّ شَيْئًا لَمْ أَفْهَمْهُ ، فَسَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ، فَقَالَ : مَنْ رُزِقَهُنَّ عِنْدَ مَوْتِهِ لَمْ .تَمَسَّهُ النَّارُ

When the servant says ‘None has the right to worshipped except Allah and Allah is greater than everything’, (he said:) Allah -The Mighty and Majestic- says: ‘My servant has spoken the truth: None has the right to be worshipped but Me, and I am greater (than everything.)’

And when the servant says: ‘La ilaha illa Allah, wahdah’ (None has the right to be worshipped except Allah, alone), He (Allah) says: ‘My servant has spoken the truth: None has the right to be worshipped but Me, Alone.’

And when he says: ‘La ilaha illa Allah, la sharika lah’ (None has the right to be worshipped except Allah, He has no partner), He (Allah) says: ‘My servant has spoken the truth: None has the right to be worshipped but Me, and I have no partner.’

And when he says: ‘La ilaha illa Allah, lahul-mulku wa lahul hamd’ (None has the right to be worshipped except Allah. Sovereignty is His, and all praise is for Him), He (Allah) says: ‘My servant has spoken the truth: None has the right to be worshipped except Me. Sovereignty is Mine, and all praise is for Me.’

And when he says: ‘La ilaha illa Allah, wa la hawla wa la quwwata illa billah’ (None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and there is no movement and no ability except with Allah’s aid) then He (Allah) says: ‘My servant has spoken the truth: None has the right to be worshipped except Me, and there is no movement and no ability except with My aid.’

Abu Ishaq said: Then Al-Agharr said something which I did not understand. He said: So I said to Abu Jafar: ‘What did he say?’ He said:

Whoever is granted it at his death will not be touched by the Fire. (3)

However, the question that could be raised is- anyone who utters the above statement, is he truly being truthful (sincere) to Allah? Is anyone who says this at the time of death deserving of the fire not to touch him?

The Answer: No! How many people are there that speak this with their tongues but do not actually perceive and affirm its true meaning? Allah fulfills (His promise) to the one who says it truthfully (sincerely) from his heart, understanding and affirming the oneness of Allah in His dominion and that He (alone) is The One Who deserves to be worshipped.

Everything that one speaks from his heart, like seeking forgiveness, seeking Allah’s pardon thanking Allah for his blessings, or feeling remorseful over a sin, then Allah will believe him and affirm his truthfulness, even if the people deem him to be a liar by accusing him of showing off. It will suffice that the One Who accepts his statement is Allah. This is why every truthful pious believer is happy with this name and he praises Allah with His perfect names and attributes.

From the effects of the name Al-Mu’min (The Affirming):

The first is that Allah fulfilled His promise of victory to His Messenger over His enemies, and He confirmed the truthfulness of the Messengers through His judicial signs (His Books and His legislation) and His universal signs (His creation). which substantiate their truthfulness. Allah affirmed the Message of the Prophet, peace be upon him, by revealing the Quran to him; And it is not possible for mankind to come with the likes of it. The Quran is a miracle in its verses, its rhetoric, its reports (of the previous Prophets and stories etc) and the rulings that have come in it. Whoever ponders and reflects over  Allah’s legislated rulings and what they contain of knowledge, wisdom, mercy and absolute precision, will then know that they do not emanate from anything or anyone other than The All-Knowing, The Most-Wise? When we observe His universal signs, seeing the likes of the heavens, the earth, the sun, the moon, the time of dusk, the night and the day, then we realize that all of this must have a Creator and everything present in the universe is proof of its Creator. It is sufficient for a man to look at himself and see the individuality of Allah’s creation within himself in order for him to be certain that Allah is The Truth.

قال الله تعالى: {اللَّهُ الَّذِي خَلَقَ سَبْعَ سَمَاوَاتٍ وَمِنَ الْأَرْضِ مِثْلَهُنَّ يَتَنَزَّلُ الْأَمْرُ بَيْنَهُنَّ لِتَعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ قَدْ أَحَاطَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عِلْمًا}

It is Allah Who has created seven heavens and of the earth the like thereof (i.e. seven). His command descends between them (heavens and earth), that you may know that Allah has power over all things, and that Allah surrounds (comprehends) all things in (His) Knowledge.

Surah At-Talaq [65: 12]

قال الله تعالى: {سَنُرِيهِمْ آيَاتِنَا فِي الْآفَاقِ وَفِي أَنفُسِهِمْ حَتَّىٰ يَتَبَيَّنَ لَهُمْ أَنَّهُ الْحَقُّ ۗ أَوَلَمْ يَكْفِ بِرَبِّكَ أَنَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ شَهِيدٌ}

We will show them Our Signs in the universe, and in their own selves, until it becomes manifest to them that this (the Quran) is the truth. Is it not sufficient in regard to your Lord that He is a Witness over all things?

Surah Fussilat [41: 53]

Allah confirms the truthfulness of the Prophets and of those who follow the Prophets. Allah testifies concerning every believer who follows the Messengers that he is upon the truth, and affirms his truthfulness. So when one testifies that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah, then Allah will affirm his truthfulness, and when he follows His legislation and complies with His commands then Allah will affirm his truthfulness. So why then should it matter to a person if the people reject him?  So one has evidence with him from Allah that he is upon the truth, and Allah will bear witness for him as to his truthfulness.

From the clear signs of His name Al-Mu’min (The Affirming) is that He fulfills His promise of victory and establishment (upon the earth) to His true believers, and grants them succession in the land, so that they will be able to establish their religion and implement His legislation. (4)

قال الله تعالى: {وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنكُمْ وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَيَسْتَخْلِفَنَّهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ كَمَا اسْتَخْلَفَ الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ وَلَيُمَكِّنَنَّ لَهُمْ دِينَهُمُ الَّذِي ارْتَضَىٰ لَهُمْ وَلَيُبَدِّلَنَّهُم مِّن بَعْدِ خَوْفِهِمْ أَمْنًا ۚ يَعْبُدُونَنِي لَا يُشْرِكُونَ بِي شَيْئًا ۚ وَمَن كَفَرَ بَعْدَ ذَٰلِكَ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْفَاسِقُونَ}

Allah has promised those among you who believe and do righteous good deeds that He will certainly grant them succession (to the present rulers) in the earth, as He granted it to those before them, and that He will grant them the authority to practice their religion, that which He has chosen for them (i.e. Islam). And He will surely give them in exchange a safe security after their fear (provided that) they (the believers) worship Me and do not associate anything (in worship) with Me.

Surah An-Noor [24: 55]

However this (promise of consolidation and victory in the land) is restricted by a condition. What is this condition? It is that one worships Him (alone) and does not set up any partners with Him in worship. So when one makes this condition a reality, then victory and consolidation will come. And when one actualizes Tawhid (oneness of Allah), and that which it necessitates of obedience to Allah alone and the following of His Messenger, peace be upon him, (Allah’s promise will be fulfilled). Once this is achieved, one will deserve honor and might, and earn an honorable life, living under the domination of Allah’s religion and legislations.

But do we wait for this domination of Allah’s religion in order to abide to it?  No! One must begin with himself by rectifying his creed (aqidah) and actions. If one is determined to be righteous and obedient to Allah, then He will enable him to implement His legislation, even if surrounded by disbelief and sinful people. Change begins with ourselves first and foremost; it does not begin with the rulers!

From the effects of His name Al-Mu’min (The Granter Of Security):

First is His granting security to the one who fears, by giving him safety. He the Most High says,

قال الله تعالى: {الَّذِي أَطْعَمَهُم مِّن جُوعٍ وَآمَنَهُم مِّنْ خَوْفٍ}

He (Allah) Who has fed them against hunger, and has made them safe from fear.

Surah Quraysh [106: 4]

Al-Mu’min (The Granter Of Security) will protect the people from oppression, and He will protect the believer by not letting his righteous actions be in vain. Every good deed that one performs will be rewarded and one will not punished except if he perpetrates a sin.

Ibn Abbaas, may Allah be pleased with him, said,

“Al-Mu’min (The Granter Of Security): He has granted protection and security for His creation from oppressing them.” So every person who fears (Allah) and truthfully seeks refuge in Allah will find that He will grant him security so he will no longer fear, knowing that the security of mankind and the earth is in His hands, Glorified is Allah.” (5)

If a person wants Allah to grant him security, he must be truthful and sincere in seeking refuge in Him. One must be truthful and sincere in his creed, having certainty that Allah is capable of giving him security and protection from everything that he fears and dislikes. He must be truthful and sincere in his reliance upon Him, and expect goodness from Him. Then Allah will  grant him security and protection from everything that he fears.

The one who deserves security from Allah is the believer (the person of tawhid who singles out Allah in worship), the obedient, and the one who returns to his Lord in repentance. He is the one who deserves security in this world and the hereafter. A person is not able to enjoy anything from this world if security and safety are lost. If a person has wealth, castles, gardens, wives, children and every kind of blessings, yet doesn’t feel safe and he fears for himself, his children, his health and his wealth; (in this state) can an individual feel at ease and have comfort? Is he able to live a good life? No doubt he will never be able to.

From the clear signs of His name Al-Mu’min (The Granter Of Security) is that He grants security and safety to His believing servants and His righteous Awliya (friends, allies, helpers) from his punishment and torment. (6)

قال الله تعالى: {الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَلَمْ يَلْبِسُوا إِيمَانَهُم بِظُلْمٍ أُولَٰئِكَ لَهُمُ الْأَمْنُ وَهُم مُّهْتَدُونَ}

It is those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah and worship none but Him Alone) and confuse not their belief with dhulm (wrongdoing i.e. by worshipping others besides Allah), for them (only) there is security and they are the guided.

Surah Al-An’am [6: 82]

قال الله تعالى: {أَفَمَن يُلْقَىٰ فِي النَّارِ خَيْرٌ أَم مَّن يَأْتِي آمِنًا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ}

Is he who is cast into the Fire better or he who comes secure on the Day of Resurrection?

Surah Fussilat [41: 40]

Allah, Al-Mu’min (The Granter Of Security) grants safety and security to those who believe in Him and yield to His commands with love and complete submission and obedience, and He grants safety and security from His punishment to whomsoever fears Him in this life. And the punishment of Allah is most severe and painful. How greatly are we in need of Allah protecting us from His punishment? There is no helper for us from the punishment of Allah, nor any rescuer from it except if Allah bestows his mercy upon us.

قال الله تعالى: {إِنَّ الَّذِينَ قَالُوا رَبُّنَا اللَّهُ ثُمَّ اسْتَقَامُوا فَلَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ}

Verily, those who say: “Our Lord is (only) Allah,” and thereafter Istaqamu (i.e. stood firm and straight on the Islamic Faith of Monotheism by abstaining from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which Allah has forbidden and by performing all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained), on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.

Surah Al-Ahqaf [46: 13]

We ask Allah by his name Al-Mu’min (The Granter Of Security) to make us from the people who are (granted) safety and security on the Day of Resurrection.

 


Above is a transcription of a class given by teacher Zaynab El-Kateb based on the book Fiqh Al-Asmaa Al-Husnaa by Shaikh Abdur-Razzaaq Al-Badr.

  1. Corrected by Imam Al-Albani
  2. Fiqh Al-Asma Al-Husna by Sheikh Abdur Razzaq Al-Badr
  3. Jaami’ ut-Tirmidhee and Ibn Majah authenticated by Sheikh Al-Albani
  4. Fiqh Al-Asma Al-Husna by Sheikh Abdur Razzaq Al-Badr
  5. Tafsir Ibn Kathir
  6. Fiqh Al-Asma Al-Husna by Sheikh Abdur Razzaq Al-Badr

 

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