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Name of Allah: Al-Qareeb – Al-Mujeeb

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القريب المجيب

Al-Qareeb – Al-Mujeeb

The Close – The Responsive

He, Exalted is He, is close to each and every one of us (with His knowledge). This closeness is of of two types:

  • The first is general closeness, which includes His being close to everyone with respect to His knowledge, awareness, seeing, witnessing and encompassing.
  • The second is specific closeness, which is solely for His worshippers, those who ask of Him and those who love Him. The reality of this type of closeness cannot be comprehended; All we can see are its resultant effects – His kindness to His servants, His care of them and His making them firm upon the straight path.

From the consequences of this closeness is His answering those who supplicate to Him and His granting them the ability to be penitent. He is The One Who answers, in a general sense, those who supplicate to Him- whoever they may be and wherever they may be and whatever condition they may be in- as He has promised to answer them. He is The One Who answers, in a specific sense, those who love Him and those who imitate and follow His Shariah. He is also The One Who answers the one in dire need, as well as those who have given up all hope of being answered by the creation so their connection to Him has been strengthened in terms of love, hope and fear. (1)

Here we shall discuss this special closeness of Allah; His closeness to His true believers, those who show their true love to Allah and those who seek this special closeness to Him.

Sheikh As-Saadi said,

You cannot truly comprehend the reality of this closeness, but you can understand the consequences of it.

The closeness of Allah to His slaves is not tangible in a physical sense; you cannot physically see it, but you can see its effects and feel its results. One of the effects and signs of Allah’s closeness could be felt when, for example, your heart might feel oppressed and sad and you pray, aiming to be close to Allah and make sujud (prostration), knowing that now you are in the closest position to Allah. You start to praise Allah and to supplicate to Him by His beautiful names, you say “Rabbi! (My Lord) I ask You to relieve this tightness in my heart!”. Instantly, you feel a joy in your heart as a consequence. You do not know whether to be happier about this relief in your heart or because you felt the closeness of Allah and experienced how He heard and responded to you!

Sometimes you have doubts in your mind and no one is able to alleviate these doubts. The very next day you listen to a religious class and rather randomly you find the speaker addressing your exact doubt. Allah is The One Who sent that class or article your way for you to find the answer. Now this is one of the results of Allah’s closeness. You did not need to voice your doubt; yet Allah knew what was bothering you even though you did not tell anyone. Allah is closer to you than your own self and He sent someone to clear away those doubts.

One of the Islamic Scholars said:

“When you are in a state of deep grief and are troubled by something and then supplicate sincerely to Allah, you will experience an overwhelming feeling of Allah’s closeness that may even make you forget the pain of your troubles.”

Allah says;

 {قال الله تعالى: {وَإِذَا سَأَلَكَ عِبَادِى عَنِّى فَإِنِّى قَرِيبٌ‌ۖ أُجِيبُ دَعۡوَةَ ٱلدَّاعِ إِذَا دَعَانِ‌ۖ فَلۡيَسۡتَجِيبُواْ لِى وَلۡيُؤۡمِنُواْ بِى لَعَلَّهُمۡ يَرۡشُدُونَ  

And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad) concerning Me, then (answer them), “I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright.

Surah Al-Baqarah [2: 18]

The nearness of Allah in this verse refers to a special closeness for those beloved worshippers who supplicate, knowing that Allah will answer them. Allah tells us in this verse which of us deserve His special closeness and His response. Do you want to be of those who receive Allah’s special closeness? Then, you must respond to Him. Respond to the Quran, react to Allah’s command by saying, “Yes Allah, I hear and I will do what you have commanded. I submit with love and I respond to the command of the Prophet peace be upon him.” Whenever you learn a hadith try to apply it yourself as much as you are able to. If you do this, you will deserve Allah’s closeness as well as His response to your supplications.

Let’s also ponder on this beautiful verse:

قال الله تعالى: {وَإِلَىٰ ثَمُودَ أَخَاهُمۡ صَـٰلِحً۬ا‌ۚ قَالَ يَـٰقَوۡمِ ٱعۡبُدُواْ ٱللَّهَ مَا لَكُم مِّنۡ إِلَـٰهٍ غَيۡرُهُ ۥ‌ۖ هُوَ أَنشَأَكُم مِّنَ ٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَٱسۡتَعۡمَرَكُمۡ فِيہَا فَٱسۡتَغۡفِرُوهُ ثُمَّ تُوبُوٓاْ إِلَيۡهِ‌ۚ إِنَّ رَبِّى قَرِيبٌ۬ مُّجِيبٌ۬} 

And to Thamud (people, We sent) their brother Salih. He said: ‘O my people! Worship Allah, you have no other ilah (god) but Him. He brought you forth from the earth and settled you therein; then ask forgiveness of Him and turn to Him in repentance. Certainly, my Lord is Near (to all by His Knowledge), Responsive.

Surah Hud [11: 61]

In this verse Prophet Saleh, peace be upon him, called his people to believe in Allah and to repent to Him, and he also mentioned these two beautiful names- The Close and The Responsive. This verse demonstrates that anyone who believes in Allah and turns to Allah with sincere repentance will earn Allah’s closeness and Allah will answer his supplications.

When a person first returns to Allah (he may be raised as a Muslim, yet does not truly know Allah or even the right path), or enters Islam (from disbelief), he will achieve the highest sense of this special closeness. Sujud [prostration] will now have a special flavor; he will feel the support, the tranquillity and the happiness. Allah gives him all of this simply because he returned to Him and thus is deserving of His closeness. Allah loves and is happy with those who return back to Him. Moreover, this feeling of special closeness, tranquillity and happiness he feels when he repents to Allah and starts taking the right path will encourage him to keep on going on this righteous path; hoping for more and more closeness, happiness and tranquility.

{قال الله تعالى: {وَقَالَ رَبُّڪُمُ ٱدۡعُونِىٓ أَسۡتَجِبۡ لَكُمۡۚ إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ يَسۡتَكۡبِرُونَ عَنۡ عِبَادَتِى سَيَدۡخُلُونَ جَهَنَّمَ دَاخِرِينَ 

And your Lord said: ‘Invoke Me, (and ask Me for anything) I will respond to your (invocation). Verily! Those who scorn My worship [i.e. do not invoke Me, and do not believe in My Oneness, (Islamic Monotheism)] they will surely enter Hell in humiliation!

Surah Ghafir [40: 60]

Allah’s Name “Al-Mujeeb” shows that Allah hears the supplications of those who call unto Him, He answers the requests of those who ask Him and does not disappoint the believer who supplicates. Allah loves to be asked and loves to give. The problem lies in our certainty while supplicating; the strength of our faith can be a problem. Sometimes we may lack faith and certainty in Allah’s response. For example, one may supplicate to Allah to guide his son who is astray, or to cure one who is ill, but inside he is wondering if this is even possible. If the president of your country sends you a sealed letter promising to give you an apartment, would you even have 1% doubt about whether he will fulfil his promise? No. Rather, you would go there already thinking how you would furnish that apartment! Then what about Allah, The Owner of the Dominion? Why do we lack certainty in Him? You ask Allah something and yet you doubt the response?!

Allah says: “Invoke Me, (and ask Me for anything) I will respond to you.”

Ask Allah for His forgiveness, His guidance and for Paradise. Ask Him for your worldly needs and demands like food, drink, clothing and housing. Allah promises to respond no matter how big the issue is, the amount being asked, and the diversity of desires.

This invitation from Allah to ask Him and His promise to answer shows the completeness of Allah’s capability and Kingship. When He gives, His treasures never run out nor decrease in any way; even if He gives to the first and last of jinn and mankind and He answers all of what they ask.

One of the salaf (the pious predecessors) supplicated to Allah saying, “Allah, I am asking as you commanded me, so respond as you promised me.”

The Prophet, peace be upon him, related to us that Allah said,

(يَا عِبَادِي لَوْ أَنَّ أَوَّلَكُمْ وَآخِرَكُمْ وَإِنْسَكُمْ وَجِنَّكُمْ قَامُوا فِي صَعِيدٍ وَاحِدٍ فَسَأَلُونِي فَأَعْطَيْتُ كُلَّ إِنْسَانٍ مَسْأَلَتَهُ مَا نَقَصَ ذَلِكَ مِمَّا عِنْدِي إِلاَّ كَمَا يَنْقُصُ الْمِخْيَطُ إِذَا أُدْخِلَ الْبَحْرَ)

O My servants, even if the first among you, the last among you, the entire human race and all of the jinn stand upon one level plain and you ask of Me and I confer upon each one what he requests, it will not in any way cause any loss to Me (even less) than that which is caused to the ocean by dipping a needle in it. (2)

Allah will never let you down. He is The Only One Who will never let you down, no matter how large what you yearn for is. Do not limit your requests and never feel embarrassed to ask Allah more than once. Know that Allah loves to be asked and loves to give and provide. From the effects of having faith in this Name of Allah, “Al-Mujeeb” is that it strengthens the certainty the slave has in Allah. It increases the slave’s hope that his supplications will be answered. How can the slave not be confident and certain in his Lord, The All-Rich and the All-Generous? He owns the Dominion, and all affairs are in His hands.

Imam Ibn al-Qayyim said,

The very second that Allah sees your heart clinging only to Him, not looking at or hoping in any other person or reason, reaching out only to Him in a serious state of need; that is the very second He will answer you. He will never let you down because He is Al-Qareeb Al-Mujeeb.

Allah says;

قال الله تعالى: {وَذَا النُّونِ إِذ ذَّهَبَ مُغَاضِبًا فَظَنَّ أَن لَّن نَّقْدِرَ عَلَيْهِ فَنَادَىٰ فِي الظُّلُمَاتِ أَن لَّا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا أَنتَ سُبْحَانَكَ إِنِّي كُنتُ مِنَ الظَّالِمِينَ، فَاسْتَجَبْنَا لَهُ وَنَجَّيْنَاهُ مِنَ الْغَمِّ ۚ وَكَذَٰلِكَ نُنجِي الْمُؤْمِنِينَ} 

And (remember) Dhan-Nun (Yunus), when he went off in anger, and imagined that We shall not punish him (i.e. the calamities which had befallen him)! But he cried through the darkness (saying): La ilaha illa Anta [none has the right to be worshipped but You (O Allah)], Glorified (and Exalted) are You [above all that (evil) they associate with You]. Truly, I have been of the wrong-doers.” So We answered his call and delivered him from his distress. And thus We do deliver the believers (who believe in the Oneness of Allah, abstain from evil and work righteousness.)

Surah Al-Anbiyaa [21:87,88]

Reflect how near Allah responded to Prophet Yunus when he was swallowed by the whale. He was in the deep ocean, surrounded by darkness, and Allah heard his sincere prayers. Immediately Allah responded to him and relieved this hardship from him. Furthermore, this demonstrates Prophet Yunus’s sincerity in calling to Allah and also how he felt Allah’s special closeness.

Moreover, the Quran comes to bring a great glad tiding to every believer. This closeness and response is not specific to Yunus but is, instead, for every single believer.

This is why the Prophet, peace be upon him, directed us to say this supplication of Yunus which contains both elements of Tawhid and confession of our faults whenever we are facing a hardship or feeling a sorrow in our hearts: “La ilaha illa Anta [none has the right to be worshipped but You (O Allah)], Glorified (and Exalted) are You [above all that (evil) they associate with You]. Truly, I have been of the wrongdoers.”

The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

(إِذَا دَعَا أَحَدُكُمْ فَلاَ يَقُلِ اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي إِنْ شِئْتَ وَلَكِنْ لِيَعْزِمِ الْمَسْأَلَةَ وَلْيُعَظِّمِ الرَّغْبَةَ فَإِنَّ اللهَ لاَ يَتَعَاظَمُهُ شَىْءٌ أَعْطَاهُ)

“When one of you supplicates (to his Lord) he should not say, ‘O Allah, forgive me if You wish.’ Instead, one should beg Him with a will and full devotion, for there is nothing so great to Allah that He cannot grant it.” (3)

We cannot possibly survive without Allah’s forgiveness; therefore we need to show Allah our dire need for His forgiveness. Our hearts should be filled with hope and desire for His forgiveness.

The Prophet, peace be upon him, said:

(إِنَّ رَبَّكُمْ حَيِيٌّ كَرِيمٌ, يَسْتَحِي مِنْ عَبْدِهِ إِذَا رَفَعَ إِلَيْهِ يَدَيْهِ أَنْ يَرُدَّهُمَا صِفَرًا)

“Indeed Allah is shy (in a way that suits His majesty and perfection) and generous. When one raises his hands (in supplication, with the palms of the hand facing up like those of a needy person) Allah is shy to return them empty (by not responding).” (4)

If a needy man asks for something from someone who is known to be noble, generous and of high rank, he will not be disappointed. The noble man will be shy to turn him down due to his own generosity and nobility. If you understand that a noble person would be shy to turn down those who ask him, then what about Allah? To Him belongs the Highest example; when Allah tells us, “Ask Me and I will give to you”, do we have any doubt that Allah will give us what we requested? We need to strengthen our faith in Allah’s response.

The Prophet, peace be upon him, said:

(ما من مسلم يدعو بدعوة ليس فيها إثم ولا قطيعة رحم إلا أعطاه الله بها إحدى ثلاث : إما أن تعجل له دعوته ، وإما أن يدخرها له في الآخرة ، وإما أن يصرف عنه من السوء مثلها . قالوا إذن تكثر . قال الله أكثر.)

“There is no Muslim who supplicates to Allah with a supplication that does not contain any sin or cutting off of family ties, except that Allah will give him one of three things: Either He will speedily answer his supplication, or He will save it for him until the Hereafter where Allah will reward him for it, or He will repel something bad from him equal to the value of his supplication.”

The Companions said, “So, we will supplicate frequently.” Thereupon, the Prophet said, “Allah will accept even more. ” (5)

The Prophet, peace be upon him, said: “Allah will give to you, but don’t be hasty. He was asked, “What does it mean to be hasty?” He said, “The person who says, ‘I supplicated and I wasn’t given’ and so he stops supplicating.”

There are barriers which prevents our dua to be answered. They are:

  • Supplicating while your heart is distracted and negligent, not truly knowing what you are asking Allah for
  • Earning your money from a prohibited source.

Therefore, in order to receive Allah’s response we must purify ourselves from the haraam (forbidden earnings and actions), have certainty and our hearts must affirm what our tongues are saying.

A Companion of Prophet Muhammad performed a beautiful act to attain Allah’s closeness. He had no money to spend in the way of Allah when the Muslims were going with the Prophet to battle. He had to stay in Madinah, so he said, “For you, oh Allah, I am going to forgive each and every Muslim who has ever harmed me, as a charity for the sake of Allah.” He said this at night before going to sleep. The very next day Jibril descended to the Prophet with a message from Allah to this companion. The Prophet said, “Who performed a special charity last night?” The Companion looked up and the Prophet said, “Allah accepted your charity”. (6)

This is a great example showing how Allah is near and how He answers those who supplicate with sincerity.

In addition, we have the following beautiful hadith which shows the mercy and generosity of Allah and how He responds to His slaves:

The Prophet, peace be upon him, said:

(يَنْزِلُ رَبُّنَا تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى كُلَّ لَيْلَةٍ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ الدُّنْيَا حِينَ يَبْقَى ثُلُثُ اللَّيْلِ الآخِرُ فَيَقُولُ مَنْ يَدْعُونِي فَأَسْتَجِيبَ لَهُ وَمَنْ يَسْأَلُنِي فَأُعْطِيَهُ وَمَنْ يَسْتَغْفِرُنِي فَأَغْفِرَ لَهُ.)

“Our Lord, the Blessed and the Exalted, descends every night to the lowest heaven when one-third of the latter part of the night is left and says, “Who supplicates to Me so that I may answer him? Who asks Me so that I may give to him? Who asks My forgiveness so that I may forgive him?” (7)

He, peace be upon him, also said,

(قال صلى الله عليه و سلم “أقرب ما يكون الرب من عبده في جوف الليل الآخر فإن إستطعت أن تكون ممن يذكر الله في تلك الساعة فكن)

“Allah is the closest to His slave in the latter part of the night; so if you are able to be of those who remember Allah in this hour, be one of them!” (8)

Anyone who is close to his Lord, enjoying every act of obedience and aiming to please Him, will surely live a good life, free of worry or anxiety, relying on His Lord, trusting in His provision and protection. Even if he is deprived of worldly enjoyments and adornments, his heart will be in a state of happiness, comfort, and tranquility which cannot be compared to any worldly pleasure.


Above is a transcription of a class given by teacher Zaynab El-Kateb based on the book Fiqh Al-Asmaa Al-Husnaa by Shaikh Abdur-Razzaaq Al-Badr.

  1. Explanation of Allah’s names Imam Nassir As-Saadi
  2. Sahih Muslim
  3. Bukhari and Muslim
  4. Reported by Abu Dawood, corrected by Al-Albany
  5. Musnad Imam Ahmad, Al-Hakem
  6. Al-Isabah Ibn Hajar
  7. Bukhari and Muslim
  8. At-Tirmidhi

 

Comments(1)

  • fathima
    March 14, 2018, 8:28 pm  Reply

    May Allah guide us ..aameen

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